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时间:2018-12-26 19:33来源:未知 作者:英语组 点击:
Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christs birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special
Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ's birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees. The word Christmas comes from Cristes maesse, an early English phrase that means Mass of Christ. The story of Christmas comes chiefly from the Gospels of Saint Luke and Saint Matthew in the New Testament. 
圣诞节是基督教节日的庆祝耶稣基督诞生的。没有人知道确切日期基督的诞生,但大多数基督徒纪念圣诞节12月25日。在这一天,许多去教堂,在那里他们参加特殊的宗教服务。在圣诞节期间,他们还交换礼物和装饰自己的家园与冬青,槲寄生,并圣诞树。圣诞节一词来自Cristes maesse ,早期英文词组这意味着质量的基督。这个故事的圣诞节是主要来自福音圣路加及圣马太在新约。
The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before the Christ child was born. The 12 days of Christmas, the bright fires, the yule log, the giving of gifts, carnivals(parades) with floats, carolers who sing while going from house to house, the holiday feasts, and the church processions can all be traced back to the early Mesopotamians. 
历史上的圣诞节可以追溯到4000年。我们的许多传统的圣诞节庆祝百年前的耶稣出生的子女。在为期12天的圣诞节,光明的火灾,尤尔日志,提供礼品,嘉年华会(游行)的花车, carolers谁唱的同时,从挨家挨户,节日假期,和教会游行都可以追溯到早期Mesopotamians 。
Many of these traditions began with the Mesopotamian celebration of New Years. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods, and as their chief god-Marduk. Each year as winter arrived it was believed that Marduk would do battle with the monsters of chaos. To assist Marduk in his struggle the Mesopotamians held a festival for the New Year. This was Zagmuk, the New Year's festival that lasted for 12 days. 
许多这些传统开始于美索不达米亚庆祝新年。该Mesopotamians相信在许多神,并作为他们的主要神马尔杜克。每年进入冬季,人们认为马尔杜克将尽战斗的怪物的混乱。为了协助马尔在他的斗争Mesopotamians举行了节日新年。这是Zagmuk ,在新年的节日持续12天。
The Persians and the Babylonians celebrated a similar festival called the Sacaea. Part of that celebration included the exchanging of places, the slaves would become the masters and the masters were to obey. The ancient Greeks held a festival similar to that of the Zagmuk/Sacaea festivals to assist their god Kronos who would battle the god Zeus and his Titans.
波斯人和巴比伦人了类似的庆祝活动称为Sacaea 。部分的庆祝活动包括交流的场所,将成为奴隶的主人和主人的服从。古希腊人举行了庆典类似的Zagmuk / Sacaea节日,以协助其神克罗诺斯谁将战斗神宙斯和他的巨人。
The Roman's celebrated their god Saturn. Their festival was called Saturnalia which began the middle of December and ended January 1st. With cries of Jo Saturnalia! the celebration would include masquerades in the streets, big festive meals, visiting friends, and the exchange of good-luck gifts called Strenae (lucky fruits). The Romans decked their halls with garlands of laurel and green trees lit with candles. Again the masters and slaves would exchange places. 
罗马的庆祝他们的神土星。他们的电影节被称为撒特那利亚始于12月中旬和1月1日结束。随着呼声赵撒特那利亚!庆祝活动将包括伪装在街头,大节日餐,探亲访友,交流的好运气的礼物所谓Strenae (幸运水果) 。罗马人的大厅装饰花环的桂树和绿色的树木与蜡烛点燃。同样的主人和奴隶将交流的地方。
Jo Saturnalia! was a fun and festive time for the Romans, but the Christians thought it an abomination to honor the pagan god. The early Christians wanted to keep the birthday of their Christ child a solemn and religious holiday, not one of cheer and merriment as was the pagan Saturnalia. 
Some legends claim that the Christian Christmas celebration was invented to compete against the pagan celebrations of December. The 25th was not only sacred to the Romans but also the Persians whose religion Mithraism was one of Christianity's main rivals at that time. The Church eventually was successful in taking the merriment, lights, and gifts from the Saturanilia festival and bringing them to the celebration of Christmas. 
有些传说宣称,基督教圣诞节庆祝活动竞争的发明对异教徒庆祝12月。 25日不仅是神圣的罗马人,而且波斯人的宗教Mithraism是一个基督教的主要竞争对手,当时。教会的最终成功地以欢乐,灯光,和礼物从Saturanilia节将他们庆祝圣诞节。
The exact day of the Christ child's birth has never been pinpointed. Traditions say that it has been celebrated since the year 98 AD. In 137 AD the Bishop of Rome ordered the birthday of the Christ Child celebrated as a solemn feast. In 350 AD another Bishop of Rome, Julius I, choose December 25th as the observance of Christmas. 
The birth of Jesus had a story: In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin's name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. 
Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quirnius was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. 
And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody knows the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century. 
The custom of giving gifts to relatives and friends on a special day in winter probably began in ancient Rome and northern Europe. In these regions, people gave each other small presents as part of their year-end celebrations. 
In the 1800's, two more Christmas customs became popular--decorating Christmas trees and sending Christmas cards to relatives and friends. Many well-known Christmas carols, including ``Silent Night and ``Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, were composed during this period. In the United States and other countries, Santa Claus replaced Saint Nicholas as the symbol of gift giving. 
The word Xmas is sometimes used instead of Christmas. This tradition began in the early Christian church. In Greek, X is the first letter of Christ's name. It was frequently used as a holy symbol.
圣诞这个词有时被用来代替圣诞节。这种传统开始于早期基督教教堂。在希腊, X是第一个字母基督的名字。这是常被用作一个神圣的象征

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